The two-month child
Two-month-old child is markedly different in its development from a newborn — his behavior more consciously. He is no longer completely dependent on unconditioned reflexes. Now the child uses them to their advantage. His reaction to visual, auditory, and tactile sensations cease to be instinctive, and the behavior is changed in accordance with ambient conditions. During periods of wakefulness two months baby most of the time active and takes an interest in the outside world. He listens to the sounds and examines the room in search of new visual images. When any new object is a child rejoices and holds look at it. With special pleasure the kid sees their own hands and learns to keep them in sight. Parents and the child continue to talk one-on-one, described in the previous Chapter, but the nature of these “dialogues” are changing. To develop and maintain them can still only an adult, but now the child knows how to announce that it is time to pause. Alternately looking at you and looking away to the side, he is able to maintain a “conversation” long enough, not nervous and not overworked. You notice another important change in behavior of the kid — he began to smile more often. As a rule, at the age of three weeks a baby smiles at the sound of that familiar voice, and at the age of four weeks — at the sight of a familiar face. Happy two months baby not only familiar faces, but also interesting objects and sounds. Also, now he is capable enough to adequately respond to strong external stimuli.
Although in the second month of life the child no significant changes in the development of motor skills, to notice some significant changes in the character of its movements. Regardless of whether baby is resting or awake, chaotic, convulsive twitching arise he now only occasionally, and it seems that he controls the movements of his body. When child put to the breast, it is clear that his behavior no longer depends on unconditioned reflexes that occur when the form of food source. Now before feeding it first, turning her head, looking for the nipple, then adapts, missing his lips and then begins to suck. The two-month baby’s sucking reflex is manifested not only during meals. Between feedings he will suck almost all that will get into his mouth, — his own hand, a pacifier, a corner of the blanket or mommy thumb. But he well knows the difference between just sucking movements and those that satisfy hunger. When baby is full, he willingly sucks on a pacifier, but feeling a sense of hunger, it will be hard to spit and scream. The ability to consciously sucking your thumb is another sign of development that are typical for children of this age. Earlier the baby started sucking his thumb if he accidentally hit him in the mouth, when the finger is out, the baby began to scream. Now, at the age of two months, he’s doing it purposefully. The child is still a strong grasp reflex, and you can easily put it in the palm of the rattle. By how vigorously he starts to shake the toy and tries to bring it to his mouth, it is clear that she interested him. However, he perceives it to be an extension of their own hands, and not as a separate object that can suck, so when the rattle is about to fall down, the child shows no signs of anxiety. Along with obvious progress in the ability to move my hands and suck, the child begins to significantly better control of head movement. Typically, in this period, children can already, lying on his stomach, lift head up, and when they are held in a vertical position, hold it straight for a few seconds. The strongest kids succeed, lying on his stomach, even up on the hands and some time to maintain that position. Now the movement of the hands and feet of the child became more active. During the game he can lift his hands above his head. The baby learned to roll from side to side. It can raise and lower the arms and legs in a certain rhythm. Some children, lying on his stomach, trying to crawl, bending and exposing forward, first one knee, then the other.
A good example that demonstrates the child’s ability to modify behavior in a new environment, are his achievements in the spatial coordination of movements. Usually the first child is studying his hand as if it was a new toy: he thoroughly explores it, considering the fingers and sleeve undershirts. Gradually he discovers that it is more interesting to wiggle your toes and move your arm in different directions. By the end of the second month of life the child is already able to compress and decompress fingers, focusing all attention on the movements of your hand. I think the kid realizes that the hand on which he looks, belongs to him and that it can be managed. Two months the child is able to follow the object located a few steps from him. He does it with great pleasure, if the subject, for which he is watching moves, or if suddenly it turns out that it was his older brother or sister. Most children of this age, when they are in a familiar environment, formed a stable connection between what they see and hear. For example, a pleasant sound can be associated with a bell, and heard pozvyakivat-tion, the baby will turn in search of the source of the sound. During the third month of life improved both visual and auditory abilities of the child. He is becoming more receptive to different sounds, even as quiet as a phone call, the rustle of window curtains rustle of her mother’s steps. Just like at a very early age, the baby usually stops when he hears a new sound. It ceases to move his arms and legs. Then, finding the source of the sound, he begins to move again. Finally, because now the child’s hands are not clenched in a fist, he gets more opportunities to feel the palms surrounding things. He begins to notice the difference between hard and soft objects and rejoices, feeling in his palm something soft. As the child continues to meet with a variety of sensations, it gradually accumulates new information about the world around him.
Aware of their child
By the third month of life the baby has learned to smile and does it every time someone leans over his crib. He rejoices to any object resembling a human face. He welcomed smile Pinocchio doll, the mask of the sorcerer, a paper plate with painted eyes. At this age, the child also learn to pronounce sounds. This stage of development begins with a vague “babble”. The child will experiment with sounds, pronouncing the first “a-a-it-it” or “uh”, repeating them again and again. Passionate about doing this, he will lie quietly in bed and fun to listen to the sounds himself say. The child rejoices, when the game join parents. Adult imitates the sounds uttered by the baby, and he begins to “babble”, and between them is fastened a kind of “conversation”. Parents usually like to repeat the expressions of his two-month old child. When he opens his mouth, the mother followed him doing the same thing. If he narrows his eyes, mother is stunned. Such communication helps the child to better know yourself. Now baby needs from adults not only food and comfort. The horn can not replace conversations, touching parents — laughing, singing, etc. the Child feels the need to communicate. He needs to be played and reacted to his actions. Parents who find enough time for conversations, games and activities with the child, thereby contributing to the development of his social skills.