Creating a situation of success in educational activity of younger schoolboys
The doctrine – the light, giving a person confidence in their actions and deeds. To acquire this confidence helps educational institutions of different types, one of which is school. However, we often hear from students phrases that Express a negative attitude in school. The child is going to an educational institution hopes to achieve recognition and expects to earn the love and respect from teachers and classmates. Wreck this bright optimism – the most serious problem of education. A child comes to school full of desire to learn. So why is he losing interest in their studies? Was this a school and its teaching methods? What role does the teacher? Whether the teacher is to create interest among students to the educational process and at what cost? Currently the answers to these questions are relevant to the education community.
For these and many other questions were looking for answers not only our contemporaries, but also teachers of the past. About how best to organise the children talked of K. D. Ushinsky. In his pedagogical essay “Labour in his mental and educational value” K. D. Ushinsky came to the conclusion that the only success supports the student’s interest and learning. The child will never know the joy of labor in doctrine, have not experienced the pride that the difficulties overcome, loses the will interest to learn.
V. A. Sukhomlinsky argued that the methods used in training activities, should arouse the interest of the child to the knowledge of the outside world and the school become a school of joy. The joy of knowledge, of joy, of creativity, of joy fellowship. This defines the meaning of the main activity of the teacher: each student create a situation of success.
Great attention to the creation of situations of success pays A. S. Belkin, doctor of pedagogical Sciences. He firmly believes that if a child is to deny faith in yourself, it’s hard to hope for his “bright future”. One wrong word, one wrong step teachers can break the child so that it does not help any educational endeavor.
Thus, the student then extends to knowledge when experiencing the need to learn, when they are driven healthy motives and interest, backed by the success.
The content of the concepts of “success”, “success”
Successful learning – the only source of internal forces of the child, bearing energy to overcome difficulties and desire to learn.
From a psychological point of view success . according to A. Belkin – it is the experiencing of a state of joy, satisfaction from the fact that the result sought by the person in the activity, or coincided with its expectations, hopes, or surpassed them. On the basis of this condition is the formation of new, stronger motives of activity, changing levels of self-esteem, self-respect.
From a pedagogical point of view, the situation of success – it is purposeful, organized by a combination of conditions that create the opportunity to achieve significant results in activity as a single individual, and collective as a whole.
The main point of the teacher is to create each pupil a situation of success. It is important to separate the concept of “success” and “success”. Situation – it’s a combination of conditions that ensure success, and the success – the result of such a situation. The situation is that is able to organize the teacher: the experience of joy, success, something more subjective, largely hidden to outsiders. The task of the teacher is to give each pupil the opportunity to experience the joy of achievement, to realize their potential, to believe in yourself.
The experience of student success:
increases motivation of learning and develops educational interests, allows the student to feel the satisfaction of learning activities;
stimulates to high labor efficiency;
corrects personal characteristics such as anxiety, insecurities, self-esteem;
develop initiative, creativity, activity;
supports in the class of favorable psychological climate
The processes of creating a situation of success
Without a feeling of success the child lost interest in school and educational activities, so pedagogically justified establishment for the student success – subjective experience of satisfaction from the process and outcome independently performed activities. Technologically, this assistance is provided by a number of operations in the psychological atmosphere of joy and approval, created verbal (speech) and non-verbal (facial expressions-plastic) means. Encouraging words and soft intonation, melody of speech, and the correctness of appeals, as well as an open posture and a friendly facial expression, create a combination of favorable psychological background to help the child to cope with their task.
Manufacturing operations create situations for success:
Removing the fear – helps to overcome uncertainty in their own abilities, shyness, fear of the case and evaluation of others. “We are all trying and searching, this is the only way to get something”. “People learn from their mistakes and find other ways to resolve”. “the test is quite easy, this stuff we passed”.
Advancing a successful outcome – helps the teacher to Express his firm conviction that his student have to cope with the task. This, in turn, gives the child confidence in their strength and capabilities. “you are sure to get”. “I have no doubt result in successful”.
Hidden instructing the child in the ways and forms of Commission activity – helps the child to avoid defeat, is achieved by hint, wishes. “it is Perhaps best to start with…..”. “Doing the work, don’t forget…..”.
The introduction of motive – shows the child for what, for whom this activity is performed, who will be well after completion. “Without your help, your comrades not to make…”
Personal exceptionalism – indicates the importance of the efforts of the child in the upcoming or taking action. “Just you & could….”. “Only you and I can be trusted…”. “No one, except you, I can’t make this request…”
Mobilization activity or pedagogical suggestion – encourages the implementation of specific actions. “We can’t wait to start working…”. “So I can’t wait to see…”
High score details – helps emotional experience success not result in General and some of its individual parts. “You really got an explanation”. “the most to me in your work, liked…”. “ deserves Highest praise this part of your work”.